An English painter and printmaker, Anthony Gross trained in London, Paris and Madrid from 1923 to 1925, specialising in etching. In 1926 he settled in France, where he created a number of animated films between 1931 and 1939; in 1936 the first of many books illustrated by him was published, an edition of Jean Cocteau's Les Enfants terribles. His oil paintings of this period are largely affectionate depictions of French and English life and leisure.
Gross returned to England in 1939 and from 1941 to 1946 served as an Official War Artist, covering campaigns in El Alamein, India, Burma, Iran and Normandy. After World War II he divided his time between France and England, where in 1965 he became the first President of the Print Makers Council. From the 1950s he adopted an increasingly emphatic line and densely packed compositions, particularly in his etchings, for which he remained best known, and devoted much of his attention to landscape.
Anthony Gross was one of the outstanding print-makers of his generation. Between 1920 and the year of his death he produced about 400 etchings, engravings and lithographs. The development of his highly personal vision can be traced from the early French, Spanish and North African landscapes in the manner of Rembrandt, through the delicate linear work of the 1930s, to his almost abstract post-war work and the later engraved scenes of life in rural France and urban London.